3 Diluents Oil Paints


I would like to talk about 3 Diluents oil paints, which I use.

Special mention should be made of the Diluents Oil Paints lacquers, and oils used to dilute oil paints.

Do you know that there are several, or rather three, diluents for oil? In this article, we will talk about all three in great detail.

Linseed Oil

The most traditional for a modern artist is Linseed Oil. It is made from flax seeds by cold pressing. Two types of linseed oil are produced:

** bleached, refined

** compacted

Drying of linseed oil occurs under normal conditions in the light for 5-6 days, and at high temperature and intense lighting for three days. The drying speed depends on the thickness of the paint and the oil layer. However, under intense sunlight, under the influence of UV rays, the oil film is destroyed. Drying the painting layer in the dark extends the drying time of linseed oil to 60 days (in rare cases).

Diluents Oil Paints

Diluents Oil Paints

The drying process conventionally goes through the following stages: – at first, a thin film is formed on the surface of the oil paint, which gives a “flake” when you touch it with your finger (the “flake” stage”)

– the second (drying from dust) is characterized by the fact that when you press your finger on the film, it leaves an imprint.

– the final drying of oil paintings occurs only after a few years. Only after six months or a year, after the paint layer dries, you can cover the picture with varnish.

Oil for thinning paints in the process of painting should be used only limited because modern manufactured paints already contain the necessary amount of oil.

Slowly drying paints should not be diluted with one oil at all, but a mixture of painting oil with varnish or turpentine should be used.

Compacted soil is recommended only when mixed with turpentine (“double”) or when composing a three-component mixture (“tee”). These mixtures contain equal parts of the ingredients. For example, a tee contains a mixture of dammar or mastic varnish, compacted oil, and purified turpentine (pinene).


Pictorial lacquers are 30% resin solutions in pinene, except for Copal varnish (Copal resin is dissolved in linseed oil).

There are the following types of paint used as an additive to oil paints:

– Tammany

– acrylic-pistachio

– retouched

– fir

Retouching Varnish can serve not only as an additive to paints but also for wiping the intermediate layers during layer-by-layer painting. It is sometimes used as a cover if the work is written and dried recently, although it does not give Shine

Diluents Oil Paints

Diluents Oil Paints

Dammar Varnish is a 30% solution of dammar resin in pinene with an admixture of ethyl alcohol. It is used as an additive to paints and as a coating varnish. During storage, it sometimes loses its transparency, but when the pinene dries, the varnish film becomes transparent.

Almost All Of These Lacquers Can Be Covered With Dry Work, Except For Fir.

Acrylic-pistachio, because the film of this varnish is almost colorless, has great elasticity and strength exceeds the film of dammar varnish. But the film breathes less, it is dangerous to cover works that are not completely dry.

Retouching varnish covers those works that have just dried up if you need to urgently give the work.

Fir varnish can not be used as a finish since its film is easily dissolved even after complete drying. Varnish is applied with a brush to completely dry work. Take the average amount on the brush. Put the work horizontally. Be sure to do this with the doors and windows open.

Work covered with varnish, it is better to hold, turning the face to the wall until the setting of the varnish film (about a day).

The brush may have to be thrown away if you do not soak it in turpentine immediately after the procedure of coating the canvas with varnish.

I usually use varnishes such as varnishes to cover my paintings Liquitex Professional Gloss Heavy Gel Medium 8-oz,

Liquitex 5432 Professional Pouring Effects Medium, Liquitex 5321 Professional Matte Gel Medium, Golden gloss medium



This is the third group of substances that dilute oil paints.

Organic oil paint thinners are capable of relatively rapid evaporation.

Excessive dilution of paints with pure Turpentine leads to the destruction of the paint layer, the dissolution of the paint binder, making it lose and fragile. The diluent lightens some colors, but after evaporation, they acquire their former, characteristic color.

Also, it was found that a slight addition of turpentine to paints improves the optical properties and semi- (transparent and translucent) oil paints.

– Diluent #1 is used for diluting oil paints, relief layers, and for various auxiliary purposes.

– Diluent # 2 is often used as a paint thinner for washing brushes and palettes.

– Diluent # 3, the so-called “tee”. It consists of three components: a mixture of dammar, linseed oil, and pinene (turpentine), so it is commonly called. I think it is very hard, and not the most technological thinner for oil, which “piles” all the properties of paints in a heap. I do not use it myself and do not recommend it to students.

– Diluent # 4 (pinene) is much less oxidized than turpentine (which is generally not recommended for use in painting), but is prone to yellowing and tarring. Pinene is used as a diluent of paints and lacquers in painting.

– Low-odorless or odorless diluent

Well-purified white spirit. It makes the paint more transparent, allowing you to get smooth transitions of tones. Improves fluidity of paint and the adhesion of the layers of paint. It dries quickly and does not turn yellow. It does not dissolve lacquers and is not used for mixing as part of a tee.

This is the one I recommend because it almost doesn’t smell.

Also turpentine, but higher quality and made from other ingredients, often slightly more oily than other diluents.

Diluent #1 and diluent #4 tend to quickly oxidize when they come into contact with air, that is, they become cloudy with precipitation and turn yellow. Store the diluent in tightly closed vials.


So, What We Learned:

  • there are three diluents for oil painting
  • for modern techniques, the “double” is mainly used, that is, a mixture of oil and turpentine in equal parts. This mixture gives the oil the desired “brake path”, that is, increases the viscosity of the paint right in the process of creating a picture, allowing you to continue working raw.
  • “Double” is also called a mixture of oil and varnish, which is used for later and resulting layers in multi-layer oil painting.
  •     3.you need to add diluents mainly in a very small amount. pure oil, as well as varnish in painting, is almost not used. In its pure form is sometimes used only turpentine, for example, underpainting.
  • do not forget that turpentine and varnish can not be used with the Windows closed tightly. Volatile and toxic components are also present in the slightly-smelling diluent.
  • consists of three components: a mixture of dammar, linseed oil, and pinene, so it is commonly called

These Diluents Need To Be Learned And In No Case Confused, Using Them Appropriately!!! Then Your Love For Oil Paints Will Be Mutual On Their Part

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